Celiac Disease And Other Intestinal Disorders

Celiac Disease And Other Intestinal Disorders includes any medical condition or health complaint that afflicts or originates in the small or large intestines, the sections of the digestive system that are primarily concerned with the absorption of nutrients and water. These organs are essential to digestion, and any loss of function of these organs can have very serious health consequences.

Celiac Disease And Other Intestinal Disorders include the following conditions:

Bile Reflux
Bile Reflux occurs when bile flows upward from the small intestine into the stomach and the esophagus. Bile is digestive fluid that is produced by the Liver. Bile Reflux often accompanies Acid Reflux, where stomach acid flows back up into the esophagus, and either alone or together they cause burning sensations and pain in the upper chest and throat. Either of these conditions can potentially increase the risk of esophageal cancer.

Unlike Acid Reflux, Bile Reflux cannot normally be controlled with diet or lifestyle changes. In the majority of cases, Bile Reflux can be treated with medications, but in severe cases surgery may be required.

Blind Loop Syndrome
Blind Loop Syndrome (also called Stasis Syndrome or Stagnant Loop Syndrome) occurs when part of the small intestine is bypassed and cut-off from the flow of digestive juices and food, causing increased bacterial growth in the cut-off section of the small intestine. These bacteria can then interfere with the absorption of essential nutrients, and this can lead to diarrhea, weight loss, and malnutrition.

The condition is often a complication of abdominal surgery, but can also result from defects in the colon and also by some diseases. Antibiotics are usually sufficient to treat the condition, but in some cases surgery is required.

Celiac Disease
Celiac Disease is a digestive disorder which is triggered by the consumption of gluten, a protein commonly contained in bread, cookies, crackers, pasta, pizza crust, and many other foods containing barley, wheat, oats, or rye.

After someone with Celiac Disease consumes gluten, the protein causes an immune reaction in the small intestine, which causes damage to the surface of the small intestine and reduces its ability to absorb certain nutrients. Eventually, the reduced absorption of nutrients can cause vitamin deficiencies in the brain, peripheral nervous system, bones, liver, and other organs of the body, and this can leave the body open to a range of illnesses and also cause a range of potentially serious health complications.

There is currently no cure for Celiac Disease. The main treatment option for managing the condition is dietary changes.

Cyclospora Infection
Cyclospora Infection is an uncommon intestinal infection caused by a microscopic, single-celled parasite, which occurs as a result of consuming contaminated water and produce.

The infection can cause a range of symptoms, such as frequent and often very explosive and watery diarrhea, which may alternate with periods of constipation. The main treatment option is antibiotics combined with improved food hygiene practices.

Intestinal Obstruction
Intestinal Obstruction is a blockage that prevents food and fluid from passing through the small intestine or colon. The blockage occurs because of adhesions, which are fibrous bands of tissue in the intestine, or as the result of hernias or tumors.

This condition can cause a range of symptoms, such as abdominal pain, swelling of the abdomen, nausea, and vomiting.

If left untreated, this can cause the blocked parts of the intestine to die, causing severe infection in the body which can be potentially fatal.

Intestinal Obstruction requires prompt medical care.

Lactose Intolerance
Lactose Intolerance – also known as Lactase Deficiency – is the inability to fully digest the sugar (lactose) contained in milk and dairy products. The condition is not usually life threatening, but it can cause a range of unpleasant symptoms, including diarrhea, nausea, abdominal cramps, and bloating.

Lactose Intolerance is caused by the lack of lactase, an enzyme produced by the lining of your small intestine that breaks down lactose so that it can be absorbed into your bloodstream. As such, Lactose Intolerance is not a food allergy, and it does not involve the immune system.

The best treatment for lactose intolerance is to limit the amount of milk and dairy products in the diet. To avoid developing a calcium deficiency due to decreased milk and dairy consumption, vitamin supplements should also be taken.

Shigella Infection
Shigella Infection (also called Shigellosis) is an intestinal infection which is caused by a family of bacteria known as shigella. The condition can cause a range of symptoms, such as abdominal pain, fever, and diarrhea, which is often bloody. Not all people with shigella in their gut will develop symptoms.

The bacteria are often transmitted by direct contact with the bacteria via stool, such as when a person does not wash their hands properly after changing diapers, or as the result of consuming contaminated food or drinking, or by swimming in contaminated water.

Shigella Infection is most common in developing nations where there is poor sanitation and a lack of clean water. The condition is treated with antibiotics, in conjunction with improved food and hygiene standards, and obtaining access to clean water.

Whipple’s Disease
Whipple’s Disease (also called Intestinal Lipodystrophy) is a rare bacterial infection that reduces the ability of the gastrointestinal system to break down foods, such as fats and carbohydrates, and reduces the ability of the small intestine to absorb nutrients. The bacteria can also infect other organs of the body, such as the brain, heart, eyes, and joints.

As a result of such wide spread infection, Whipple’s Disease can cause a very wide range of symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal cramping, weight loss, inflamed ankle, knee, and wrist joints, fatigue, weakness, memory loss, confusion, fever, cough, loss of balance, seizures, and other symptoms.

A lengthy course of antibiotics is required to treat the condition. Without proper treatment, Whipple’s Disease can be fatal.

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